By Helmut Baitsch, Hans-Erhard Bock, Martin Bolte, Willy Bokler, Ommo Grupe, Hans-Wolfgang Heidland, Franz Lotz (auth.), Ommo Grupe, Dietrich Kurz, Johannes Marcus Teipel (eds.)
progress and happiness - even if those phrases might be understood intimately - as an important and constitutive component to clinical inquiry. during this experience the query of how within which game relatively advantages humans and contributes to their happiness, and lower than which person and social stipulations, is a systematic query. It assumes detailed importance whilst if truth be told taken into consideration that during the sector of recreation technological know-how a normal scepticism is proven in the direction of these dogmas and pedagogical theses which take such an interpretation with no consideration within the absence of a company empirical starting place and a severely advanced idea. activity and activity technology game and workout, actual tradition and schooling in activity (physical training), gymnastics and traveling mixed with a few kind of activity are-as the current document especially shows-all over the realm one of the so much outstanding social phenom ena of this day. initially sight they appear to be simple, transparent and understandable for everyone; they stand for one of those team spirit that's self sustaining of adjustments in ideological-political outlook, and occasionally express a virtually archaic depth and appeal; they're supported through the energetic participation or no less than the curiosity of very many of us in lots of elements of the realm and are endued with particular func tions, various in significance, of a scientific (therapeutical, prophylactic, rehabilitative), pedagogical, mental and social character.
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Additional resources for The Scientific View of Sport: Perspectives, Aspects, Issues
Frayssinet (1968) develops the most precise idea of aesthetic interpretation: sport itself (and not its reception) is an art like music, poetry, the dance. In support of this hypothesis he collects a number of examples. For this purpose he defines "sport" 38 Perspectives of the Philosophy of Sport as "an activity in the form of a contest requiring an intense muscular effort which demands great expenditure of energy. This contest is usually turned into a spectacle" (33). He refers to all phenomena as art which fall under the discipline of the fine arts (beaux-arts) and whose raison d'etre lies in their effort to achieve beauty-value (beaute-valeur).
The (almost) ideal athlete-"one with these laws"-is so far "for ever", shares the eternity of those laws. He feels and represents that which remains stable, fundamental, a part of "eternal reality", although he makes each game, if only for a moment, into a new occurrence in history. In accepting the irrevocable judgement, in creating together with his fellow players the "totality" of the game, in escaping the "remorseless flux of time", the athlete is "sport incarnated, sport instantiated, sport located", and by that fact is man himself, incarnated, instantiated and located (243-248).
This assumption only seems strange to those whose thinking is still under the influence of the mind-body dualism. Connoisseurs of sport, particularly the athletes themselves, are opposed to the reduction of sporting activity to the "physical"; sport is just as much a "cosa mentale" as painting, to quote the phrase with which Leonardo sought to liberate the latter from the stigma of "manual labour" (18). Historical evidence for the "inclusion thesis" is the close association of sport and art in Ancient Greece.
The Scientific View of Sport: Perspectives, Aspects, Issues by Helmut Baitsch, Hans-Erhard Bock, Martin Bolte, Willy Bokler, Ommo Grupe, Hans-Wolfgang Heidland, Franz Lotz (auth.), Ommo Grupe, Dietrich Kurz, Johannes Marcus Teipel (eds.)