By Matthew Restall
This pathbreaking paintings is a social and cultural background of the Maya peoples of the province of Yucatan in colonial Mexico, spanning the interval from presently after the Spanish conquest of the zone to its incorporation as a part of an self sustaining Mexico.Instead of looking on the Spanish assets and views that experience shaped the root of past scholarship on colonial Yucatan, the writer goals to offer a voice to the Maya themselves, basing his research completely on his translations of 1000s of Yucatec Maya notarial documents—from libraries and records in Mexico, Spain, and the United States—most of that have by no means earlier than bought scholarly attention.These files enable the writer to reconstruct the social and cultural global of the Maya municipality, or cah, the self-governing group the place such a lot Mayas lived and which used to be the point of interest of Maya social and political identification. the 1st components of the publication study the ways that Mayas have been prepared and differentiated from one another in the neighborhood, and the dialogue covers such subject matters as person and crew identities, sociopolitical association, political factionalism, profession styles, classification constructions, loved ones and relations styles, inheritance, gender roles, sexuality, and religion.The 3rd half explores the cloth surroundings of the cah, emphasizing the function performed through the use and trade of land, whereas the fourth half describes intimately the character and importance of the resource documentation, its genres and its language. in the course of the ebook, the writer can pay cognizance to the comparative contexts of alterations through the years and the similarities or ameliorations among Maya styles and people of different colonial-era Mesoamericans, significantly the Nahuas of principal Mexico.
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Additional resources for The Maya World: Yucatec Culture and Society, 1550-1850
7 The layout of the modern cahvisible in aerial photographic maps better than on the groundis thus a reflection of the partial imposition of the urban grid onto traditional less-structured Maya settlement patterns. 1. Modern Ixil. Source: Map "F16C42 Conkal Yucatan," Instituto Nacional de Estadistica Geografia e Informatica. Page 24 much as it did two centuries ago. The squares of the map are blocks, divided into four solars each according to the Spanish model; this division can be observed throughout the peninsula today, and it is supported by colonial documentationalthough in colonial-era material, as well as in Ixil and other cahob today, solars are often further divided or linked to neighboring plots.
More than that, the Spanish emphasis on ethnic categories was strongly resisted by the Mayas, evidenced not only in the limited use of Maya as an ethnic term but also in the overwhelming importance of deeply rooted nonethnic categories of identity and description. The fact that these categoriescah and chibalcarried ethnic connotations after the conquest reflects not a continuity or profundity of Maya ethnic consciousness but rather the racist constraints of a colonial system that imposed such a consciousness while paradoxically encouraging its weakness by offering partial social mobility to those who collaborated economically or biologically with the colonizers.
Historiographical Context and the Structure of This Book Thus he put down his name . . because he knew how to write a document. Title of Calkiní The traditional tendency of colonial Yucatec historiography to treat the Maya as a hidden and silent culture devastated to the point of anomie by Page 6 the conquest, after which they sullenly harbored thoughts of resistance and revenge for three centuries, is rooted in the perspective of the colonizers themselves. Even the emphasis placed on the 1546 rebellion, the Landa investigations of 1562, the 1761 Canek revolt, and the Caste War of the 1840's reflects more the fundamental fears of Yucatan's minority rulers than any balanced historical perspective.
The Maya World: Yucatec Culture and Society, 1550-1850 by Matthew Restall