Download The Limits of Racial Domination: Plebeian Society in by R. Douglas Cope PDF

By R. Douglas Cope

ISBN-10: 0299140407

ISBN-13: 9780299140403

ISBN-10: 029914044X

ISBN-13: 9780299140441

     during this exceptional contribution to Latin American colonial historical past, Douglas Cope attracts upon a wide selection of sources—including Inquisition and lawsuits, notarial files and parish registers—to problem the normal view of castas (members of the caste process created by way of Spanish overlords) as rootless, alienated, and ruled by way of a wish to enhance their racial status.  to the contrary, the castas, Cope exhibits, have been neither passive nor governed by means of emotions of racial inferiority; certainly, they typically transformed or perhaps rejected elite racial ideology.  Castas additionally sought how you can manage their social "superiors" via astute use of the criminal system.  Cope exhibits that social keep an eye on through the Spaniards rested much less on associations than on patron-client networks linking person patricians and plebeians, which enabled the elite category to co-opt the extra winning castas.      The booklet concludes with the most thorough account but released of the Mexico urban rebel of 1692.  This account illuminates either the shortcomings and strengths of the patron-client system.  Spurred through a corn scarcity and next famine, a plebeian mob laid waste a lot of the principal city.  Cope demonstrates that the political scenario was once now not considerably altered, even if; the patronage process endured to regulate employment and plebeians have been mostly left to discount and adapt, as ahead of.      A revealing examine the commercial lives of the city terrible within the colonial period, the boundaries of Racial Domination examines a interval within which severe social adjustments have been occurring.  The e-book may still curiosity historians and ethnohistorians alike.

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The Limits of Racial Domination: Plebeian Society in Colonial Mexico City, 1660-1720

     during this wonderful contribution to Latin American colonial heritage, Douglas Cope attracts upon a large choice of sources—including Inquisition and lawsuits, notarial files and parish registers—to problem the conventional view of castas (members of the caste process created by means of Spanish overlords) as rootless, alienated, and ruled through a wish to increase their racial prestige.

Extra info for The Limits of Racial Domination: Plebeian Society in Colonial Mexico City, 1660-1720

Example text

For the urban poor, an unclean, malodorous, disease-ridden environment was a fact of life. Decent housing also eluded many Mexico City plebeians. A residential hierarchy existed in the city, providing a sensitive index to socioeconomic standing. 14 Elite families possessed mansions worth thousands of pesos. A 1713 bill of sale describes a fairly representative example of such structures. [The ground floor has] a suite of apartments off the main corridor, a small room, a stall for horses next to the entrance, a patio, a spacious parlor, [and] a stairway that leads to the upper story, which is divided into a main room, a bedroom, and two more parlors,15 This building also included a connected enclosure for raising chickens.

All taverns, both legal and illegal, . . were an integral part of the social and financial life of the lower classes, serving as places of recreation where leisure hours could be spent dancing, singing, gambling, and drinking with family, friends, and lovers. They provided lodging for the homeless poor who, for free or for a nominal fee, could sleep in the back room or under the bar. They were places where the poor could easily pawn their own or stolen goods in return for money, credit, or drink.

In reality, not all castas were relegated to low-status occupations, nor did Spaniards hold solely prestigious positions. A casta elite-largely mestizo in composition-first emerged in the second half of the sixteenth century. Throughout this period, Spanish officials made curious exceptions to their sweeping, increasingly severe, denunciations against mestizos. For instance, the royal cosmographer Lopez de Velasco stated that the "greater part" of Mexico's mestizos were given over to vice, while Viceroy Martin Enriquez (1568-1580) recommended that "most" mestizos be made to pay tribute.

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