By Philip M. Fields
This quantity of Tabari's annals bargains nearly solely with the ultimate levels of the Zanj insurrection, the main critical exterior problem confronted by way of the important gurus within the final half the third/ninth century. The uprising, which all started as an 'Alid rebellion, yet quickly gave technique to Kharijite affects, used to be a circulate that attracted the disenfranchised components of society in reduce Iraq. Their conflict opposed to the demonstrated armies of the Caliphate endured over 3 a long time. And whereas the Zanj have been by no means capable of translate their localized successes into any decisive victory, they triggered frequent chaos and nice obstacle when you had a vested curiosity in political and financial stability.
In many respects, the Zanj resemble sleek innovative pursuits that reside off the geographical region, and harass the professionals. They emerged sometimes for traditional battles, yet, normally they resorted to unconventional battle, making the most of the super tough terrain within the marshy components of the sector that gave upward push to them. To defeat them, the govt. armies needed to improvise new strategies and a method in accordance with the teachings of early defeats.
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Extra info for The History of al-Ṭabarī, Vol. 37: The ‘Abbāsid Recovery: The War Against the Zanj Ends A.D. 879-893/A.H. 266-279
Abu Ahmad. ordered that the captives be beheaded, which was done. Then Abu Ahmad descended to the mouth of the Bar Musiwir, where he stayed for two days . From there, on Tuesday, the eighth of Rabi' II (November 17, 88o), he departed from Suq al- Khamis with all his men and equipment bound for the city which the leader of the Zanj had named al-Mani'ah biSuq al-Khamis. He proceeded with his ships along the Bar Musiwir while the cavalry marched before him along the eastern side of the waterway until they reached the waterway called Baritiq, which led to Madinat al-Sha'rini .
54. The term for "city" is madinah, which very often means administrative center. The Events of the Year 267 29 his father that all of Sulaymin 's officers were with him there except for Shibl and Abu al-Nida', who were at al-Hawinit which they had been ordered to guard . As soon as he learned this, Abu Abmad gave the order to set out for Bardudl, since from there the road led to Tahitha. Abu al-'Abbas went ahead with barges and galleys and instructed all those left behind at Barr Musawir to march to Bardnd8.
Abu al-'Abbas encountered them, and shortly thereafter they were put to flight . One contingent of the enemy remained behind at Suq al-Khamis, and another at Mazarwan. Some of Abu al -'Abbis's troops started (to chase the Zanjl from Barrtumarta, while others took hold of al-Madiyan. Abu 3195311 ( Abmad did not stop until he reached Nahr Bar Musawir. Thereupon, with the help of guides, he began inspecting the villages and roads until he returned to his camp and remained there to rest himself and his troops.
The History of al-Ṭabarī, Vol. 37: The ‘Abbāsid Recovery: The War Against the Zanj Ends A.D. 879-893/A.H. 266-279 by Philip M. Fields