By Alan Scott
From the times of antiquity to the time of the center a long time, intellectuals have generally assumed that stars have been alive, a trust that gave the cosmos an enormous place not just in Greek faith, but additionally in discussions of human psychology and eschatology. within the 3rd century advert, the Christian theologian Origen incorporated such Hellenistic theories at the existence and nature of the celebs in his cosmology, a concept that will have vital implications for early Christian theology. relocating via quite a lot of Greek, Latin, and Oriental resources from antiquity to medieval instances, this is often the 1st thorough remedy of Origen's biblical theology. the second one e-book within the new Oxford Early Christian stories sequence, Origen and the lifetime of the Stars offers a brand new examine the roots of early Christian thought.
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A n e x a m i n a t i o n of its concept of a n astral cult shows that it has n o t only imitated Plato but put forward n e w ideas of its o w n . 1 5 5 1 5 6 157 The a u t h o r of this w o r k (probably Philipp of O p u s ) 1 4 9 1 5 8 tells us Frag. 113 f. (Wehrli). Frag. 97 (Wehrli). Ether: frag. 9 9 ; light: frag. 9 8 , cf. 100 (Wehrli), and also SVF 2. 7 8 8 . See PaulMoraux, 'Quinta Essentia', P W 2 4 (1963), 1193f. Frag. 113ac (Wehrli). Rep. 61 le2 f.. Statesman 3 0 9 c l - 3 , Critias 1 2 0 e l - 3 .
1 and Protreptikos frag. 1 0 (Ross). Frag. 17 (Heinze). Frag. 15 (Heinze). Frag. I l l (Wehrli). For Origen's knowledge of Heraclides see frag. 7 8 (Wehrli). See above n. 10. Heraclides was very much interested in Pythagoras, DL 5. 88 (245. 11 Long). This was common in the Academy, see Frank Plato. Frag. 115 (Wehrli). 1 3 8 1 3 9 1 4 0 1 4 1 b b 1 4 2 1 4 3 c 1 4 4 1 4 5 1 4 6 1 4 7 1 4 8 a The Pre-Socratics to Plato 20 1 4 9 heavenly bodies as habitable like the e a r t h , a n d that h e t h o u g h t the soul has descended from t h e Milky W a y .
See Moraux, 'Quinta', 1223, and Bemd Effe, Studien zur Kosmologie und Theologie der aristotelischen Schrift 'Uber die Philosophie', Zet. 50 (Munich: Beck, 1970), 131. 27 2 8 2 9 3 0 3 1 a Aristotle 30 This misunderstanding b e c o m e s all t h e m o r e explicable in light of t h e subtlety of t h e Aristotelian position. First, as has been n o t e d by c o m m e n t a t o r s o n Aristotle both a n c i e n t a n d m o d e r n , t h e fact that soul does not compel m o t i o n and that e t h e r m o v e s naturally in a circle does n o t e x c l u d e t h e possibility t h a t stars h a v e souls: as A l e x a n d e r of Aphrodisias says, t h e m o t i o n is not enforced but is in a c c o r d a n c e with t h e h e a v e n l y body's o w n will.
Origen and the life of the stars: a history of an idea by Alan Scott