Download Knowledge Triumphant: The Concept of Knowledge in Medieval by Franz Rosenthal PDF

By Franz Rosenthal

ISBN-10: 9004153861

ISBN-13: 9789004153868

In wisdom victorious, Franz Rosenthal observes that the Islamic civilization is one who is largely characterised through wisdom ('ilm), for "ilm is a type of options that experience ruled Islam and given Muslim civilization its exact form and complexion.

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Extra resources for Knowledge Triumphant: The Concept of Knowledge in Medieval Islam

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C. J. Kasowski, Thesaurus Talmudis, XVI, 130–90 ( Jerusalem 1966). 12 Cf. C. C. Torrey, The Jewish Foundation of Islam, 33 (New York 1933, reprint 1967). The source for the verses is Ibn Hishâm, Sîrah, ed. F. Wüstenfeld, 659 (Göttingen 1858–60). 13 Cf. J. A. Sanders, Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, IV, 77, col. XIX. l. 14 (Oxford 1965). Cf. above, p. 23, n. 2, and M. Mansoor, in Studies in the History of Religions (Supplement to Numen), XII (1967), 395 f. See below, chapter V, 2. 28 the revelation of knowledge As with Judaism, so it is in this respect with pagan Gnosticism.

We may be disappointed to Ànd, for instance, that the word “freedom” (˜urrîyah) is not mentioned expressly in the Qurxân. However, if it were, it would be merely incidental and of little signiÀcance; no matter how great a role the concept played at some later date, it could not have been a vital issue for Mu˜ammad requiring to be stressed and repeated constantly in his preaching. Considerations of this sort support the assumption that the frequency with which the root {-l-m occurs in the Qurxân is not a matter of chance.

Cf. also Miskawayh, Tahdhîb al-akhlâq, ed. Q. Zurayq, 18 (Beirut 1966). From the point of view of later Muslim developments, it is, however, not without interest to observe that Neo-Pythagoreanism in the person of Archytas considered “knowledge” (epistâmâ) the comprehensive term which included the “wisdom” (sophia) of matters divine and the “understanding” ( phronâsis) of human and material things. The virtues depending upon reason and proof must be called “sciences” (epistâmâ in the plural). Cf.

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