By Deborah E. Kanter
The typical lives of indigenous and Spanish households within the geographical region, a formerly under-explored phase of Mexican cultural heritage, at the moment are illuminated in the course of the bright narratives offered in Hijos del Pueblo ("offspring of the village"). Drawing on overlooked civil and legal judicial files from the Toluca zone, Deborah Kanter revives the voices of local men and women, their Spanish buddies, muleteers, and hacienda peons to show off their struggles in an period of concern and uncertainty (1730-1850). enticing and significant biographies of indigenous villagers, male and female, illustrate that no pupil can comprehend the background of Mexican groups with out taking gender heavily. In felony interactions local plaintiffs and Spanish jurists faced crucial questions of id and hegemony. right away an insightful attention of person stories and sweeping paternalistic strength constructs, Hijos del Pueblo contributes vital new findings to the area of gender reviews and the evolution of Latin the US.
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Additional info for Hijos del Pueblo: Gender, Family, and Community in Rural Mexico, 1730-1850
Population Growth: Tenango del Valle, 1746–1848 Year Spanish Households Indian Households Total Population 1746 1770 1784 1848 20–25 155 300 188 153 1,020 estimate 1,667 3,925 Sources: Villaseñor, 231–232 (1746). Total population estimate is number of households listed, multiplied by mean household size for each ethnic group drawn from the 1770 padrón and summed; AGN Bienes Nacionales leg. 628, exp. 14 (1770); AGN Tierras vol. 2544, exp. 4 (1784); AGN Bienes Nacionales leg. 933, exp. 4 (1848). estates.
29 Similar litigation involved the Atengo estates, other haciendas, and labradores. ” Long-term population statistics support their charge. 31 Reflecting and escalating local tensions over resources, in 1808 Atengo began to demand rent from San Lucas to pasture its animals at the hacienda, 20 The Toluca Region, 1730 – 1821 in addition to the decades-old exchange of village labor services for use-rights. Limited village lands and hungry flocks permitted no other choice: San Lucas paid the rent. Yet when a new administrator raised the rent in summer 1810, San Lucas resisted payment and filed another suit against the Conde de Santiago.
5 Both types of tenure generally came into question during a transfer, usually following a death. While many Indian men and women left written testaments, kin driven by greed, indigence, or jealousy readily challenged these wills. Many Indians died intestate, thus inciting competing claims. People typically defended land claims based on community membership, current family needs, children’s future legacy, upkeep of a chapel or holy images, or as a reward for nursing the mortally ill or having underwritten funeral expenses.
Hijos del Pueblo: Gender, Family, and Community in Rural Mexico, 1730-1850 by Deborah E. Kanter