By Hu Shih (auth.), Chih-P'ing Chou (eds.)
Hu Shih (1891-1962), chinese language thinker, historian and diplomat. within the 1910s, Hu studied at Cornell college and later Columbia collage, either within the usa. At Columbia, he was once vastly prompted by means of his professor, John Dewey, and have become a lifelong suggest of pragmatic evolutionary switch. He bought his Ph.D. in Philosophy in 1917 and back to lecture at Peking collage. Hu quickly grew to become one of many major and such a lot influential intellectuals throughout the may well Fourth circulate and later the recent tradition move. His most generally well-known fulfillment in this interval was once as a key contributor to chinese language liberalism and language reform in his advocacy for using written vernacular chinese language. Hu Shih was once the Republic of China¡¯s Ambassador to the USA of the United States (1938¨C1942) and later Chancellor of Peking college (1946¨C1948). In 1939 Hu Shih used to be nominated for a Nobel Prize in literature and in 1958 grew to become president of the ¡°Academia Sinica¡± in Taiwan, the place he remained till his dying in Nangang on the age of seventy one. This varied assortment brings jointly his English essays, speeches and educational papers, in addition to e-book studies, all written among 1919 and 1962. English Writings of Hu Shih represents his pondering and insights on such issues as medical technique, liberalism and democracy, and social difficulties. it will possibly additionally function a worthwhile source in case you research Hu Shih and his perspectives on historical and glossy China.
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Additional info for English Writings of Hu Shih: National Crisis and Public Diplomacy (Volume 3)
It is also true that, in the realm of reforms in taxation, the provincial and municipal governments have in the past 2 years abolished 5,200 items of exorbitant and unjust taxes and surcharges. But these are merely insignificant relief measures compared with the untouched fundamental problem of land tenure in a country where 85% of the population is congested on about 17% of the land, and where the boldest stretch of imagination has so far failed to find a formula for an equitable distribution of land which will give the agricultural population a minimum level of decent living.
The same 41 II consideration applies to all the evil institutions of our ancestors, which, though great evils in themselves, were man-made and capable of being unrooted by human efforts. Once the Chinese girl is freed from the fetters of foot-binding and is given the benefits of modern schooling and physical exercises, she bursts forth in full blossom as one of the most beautiful and graceful species of womanhood. And her brother, when he gives up the octopartite composition and submits himself to the discipline of the modern school and the scientific laboratory, is capable of surprising the world by his dexterity in handling the test tube and the microscope, and by his quick understanding and creative ingenuity in scientific research.
But mention must be made of the part played by the British portion of the Boxer Indemnity in the financing of the reconstruction projects. This fund, which had accumulated from the end of 1922 and was returned to China in 1928, has been used in the financing of productive activities, and for each amount thus used the Chinese government guarantees to pay an annual interest of 5%, which interest is again spent on the educational and cultural activities in China. About 7 million pounds sterling have been thus spent in this reconstructive work.
English Writings of Hu Shih: National Crisis and Public Diplomacy (Volume 3) by Hu Shih (auth.), Chih-P'ing Chou (eds.)