By Eric Kalenze
Education Is Upside Down cuts via changes being made at technical degrees of academic perform and responsibility, tough beliefs and philosophies that experience powered American schooling for many of the final century. This ebook explains how and why long-standing techniques generate unsuitable educational practices, fallacious systemic reform efforts, and a basic misalignment among the tutorial establishment and the society it really is missioned to serve. Education Is Upside Down urges readers wishing to enhance American schooling to extra rigorously examine the institution’s critical project, problem long-accepted truths of perform, and query present reform efforts and activities. In complete, Education Is Upside Down resists the practitioner-vs.-reformer blame video game, looking eventually to scrupulously untangle—not tighten by means of yanking on any unmarried strand—the long-complicated knot of yank schooling.
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16 At the beginning of American education’s great turning, Dewey’s educational writings and professional experiences 17 provided precisely the kind of inspirational charge described by Labaree to educational reformers. For groups hoping to overturn more traditional, humanist educational views and methods in the decades bridging the nineteenth and twentieth centuries—all the dreaded “subject-matter-set-out-to-be-learned,” student-expression-muting classroom environments, and the rest—the ideas Dewey issued were echoes of their own hearts’ desires.
Where philosophers like Jean-Jacques Rousseau and poets like William Blake and William Wordsworth reimagined and redefined childhood’s possibilities and fragilities for all of European society, educators like Pestalozzi, Froebel, and Spencer worked in their wakes to create educational institutions and philosophies that better met the newly reunderstood needs of children. 3 In his famous How Gertrude Teaches Her Children (1801), for example, Pestalozzi urged that young children should be taught by “things more than by words,” beginning a definite turn away from the dull, useless activity of book learning.
And the development of young humans. ) Beatrice Webb, the renowned twentieth-century sociologist and economist, knew Spencer through her parents and often discussed his work with him. ” 7 Put another way, Spencer was about as scientific as an astrology columnist. Here’s what he came up with: Noting how all things invariably developed from simple states to more complex ones, Spencer devised a number of educational ideals to help educators capitalize on each developmental stage. In his 1860 Education: Intellectual, Moral, and Physical, Spencer heavily critiqued the methods of traditional education, charging that their barbarous forcing of irrelevant information into the minds of its pupils rendered them completely out of phase with his universally observed stages of natural development.
Education Is Upside-Down: Reframing Reform to Focus on the Right Problems by Eric Kalenze