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By Hans Bielenstein

ISBN-10: 1429455209

ISBN-13: 9781429455206

ISBN-10: 9004144161

ISBN-13: 9789004144163

Overlaying the interval from the institution of Sui to the autumn of Southern Sung, this reference paintings for the 1st time supplies an entire and comfortably arrranged evaluate of China’s diplomatic and exchange family members with its significant and minor Asian neighbours: continental South Asia and the islands, Japan, Korea, Northeast Asia, Tibet, vital Asia, West Asia, the center East, and the Hsia, Liao, and Chin States. Basing himself on his yearlong learn of chinese language offical histories and old compendia, the writer deals a wealth of certain details - in translation - on issues reminiscent of the products exchanged, the negotiations for peace and alliances, distinctive missions required via diplomatic etiquette, overseas requests for marriage with chinese language princesses, and so on. exact emphasis is given to the that means of the so-called “tribute missions”, in fact a disguised type of exchange.

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Extra info for Diplomacy And Trade In The Chinese World, 589-1276 (Handbuch Der Orientalistik. Vierte Abteilung, China.) (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch Der Orientalistik)

Example text

30, 1164, envoys from Li T’ien-tso offered 100 ounces of golden vessels, 150 ounces of silver vessels, 30 elephant tusks, and 1,500 catties of two kinds of gharu wood (Sung shih 33:15a; Wen-hsien t’ung-k’ao 330:6a). ) of 1173, envoys from Li T’ien-tso offered regional objects. 17, 1174. 1 they were invited to a banquet in the Jade 72 An incense. 204-206. According to Sung hui-yao kao 10123:9b. 21. 73 continental south asia and the islands 29 Stream Garden. 5, Hsiao-tsung accepted the name of Annam74 for their state and recognized Li T’ien-tso as its king.

During the Southern Sung (1127-1276), on the other hand, there was a remarkable decrease in contacts. Whereas 59 missions are recorded for Northern Sung, only 23 are for Southern Sung. This striking phenomenon is not restricted to Southern Sung relations with Chiao-chih/Annam and will be further discussed below. If the foreign envoys were entrusted with negotiating particular issues, they went to the appropriate Chinese ministry, which then reported to the throne, such as the Ministry of Rites on July 10, 1155, 84 It includes a mission from Li Te-cheng in 1031 in which he thanked for the title of Meritorious Subject (Sung shih 9:13b, 488:12b).

In 1036, some Chiao-chih chiefs looted Chinese territory. The Sung court protested and asked for the punishment of the culprits. Li Te-cheng sent gifts. He repeated this in 1040. 25, 1046, one tame elephant. At the last occasion, he was given a purple robe and golden belt. In 1048, he once more offered gifts The envoys of 1040, 1043, and 1046 were appointed to nominal Chinese offices (Sung shih 10:9b; 11:6b, 11b, 14b; 488:13a; 24 continental south asia and the islands Sung hui-yao kao 101223:14a; Wen-hsien t’ung-k’ao 330:5b).

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Diplomacy And Trade In The Chinese World, 589-1276 (Handbuch Der Orientalistik. Vierte Abteilung, China.) (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch Der Orientalistik) by Hans Bielenstein

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