By Ageeth Sluis
In the turbulent a long time following the Mexican Revolution, Mexico urban observed a drastic inflow of woman migrants looking get away and safeguard from the ravages of struggle within the nation-state. whereas a few settled in slums and tenements, the place the casual financial system usually supplied the one technique of survival, the revolution, within the absence of guys, additionally brought on girls to absorb often male roles, created new jobs within the public sphere open to ladies, and carved out new social areas during which ladies may workout agency.
In Deco physique, Deco City, Ageeth Sluis explores the results of adjusting gender norms at the formation of city house in Mexico urban by means of linking aesthetic and architectural discourses to political and social advancements. via an research of the connection among lady migration to town and gender performances off and on the level, the ebook indicates how a brand new transnational perfect woman body proficient the actual form of town. through bridging the distance between indigenismo (pride in Mexico’s indigenous history) and mestizaje (privileging the proper of race mixing), this new woman deco physique prepared the ground for mestizo modernity. This cultural background enriches our realizing of Mexico’s postrevolutionary many years and brings jointly social, gender, theater, and architectural background to illustrate how altering gender norms shaped the root of a brand new city modernity.
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Additional info for Deco Body, Deco City: Female Spectacle and Modernity in Mexico City, 1900-1939
5² Hence these performances contributed to the mingling of audiences, tastes, and ultimately class and gender identities that elite Porﬁrians hoped to keep separate. 5³ Similarly, prostitutes passed as señoras decentes on the upscale west-side streets. In the shadow of the great Jockey Club at the legendary Casa de los Azulejos, a young José Vasconcelos (secretary of education from 1920 to 1924 and author of La raza cósmica) and a group of his fellow students deliriously watched the comings and goings of a well- dressed but suspicious woman named Pepa.
5 These elite theaters, including their physical structures, were conceived of as class- and gender-segregated spaces, and architects designed them with class distinctions in mind. ” Most theaters had separate entrances and stairways leading to specialized areas, such as common areas and box seats. Differentiated ticket prices underwrote the theater’s social geography, which further separated the classes. The abono system of season ticket subscriptions allowed elite families to buy the best seats, had a similar effect.
8 Not surprisingly, the popularity of these daring actresses persisted into the nineteenth century. In fact, popular theater, especially the género chico—as the genre of comedies, operettas, zarzuelas, and revistas was known—increasingly played a major role in forging Mexico City’s sexual and social attitudes during the Porﬁriato. By the 1870s, drama and 30 p e r f o rm a nce opera, referred to as the género grande, had been replaced in popularity by the zarzuela, a picaresque comedy that became increasingly affordable and popular among the middle classes.
Deco Body, Deco City: Female Spectacle and Modernity in Mexico City, 1900-1939 by Ageeth Sluis