By Christine Hatzky
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Extra info for Cubans in Angola: South-South Cooperation and Transfer of Knowledge, 1976–1991
This Â�raises a quesÂ�tion: to what exÂ�tent did such comÂ� mitÂ�ment owe itÂ�self to the propÂ�aÂ�ganda and reÂ�cruitÂ�ing stratÂ�eÂ�gies of the Cuban governÂ�ment Â�rather than inÂ�diÂ�vidÂ�ual moÂ�tiÂ�vaÂ�tions? On the basis of eyeÂ�witÂ�ness interÂ�views with peoÂ�ple who were inÂ�volved in this opÂ�erÂ�aÂ�tion, I critÂ�iÂ�cally exÂ�amÂ�ine the inÂ�fluÂ�ence of ofÂ�fiÂ�cial propÂ�aÂ�ganda on perÂ�sonal moÂ�tiÂ�vaÂ�tion, and Â�whether the deÂ�ciÂ�sion to beÂ�come inÂ�volved under preÂ�vailÂ�ing poÂ�litÂ�iÂ�cal and soÂ�cial circumÂ�stances was Â�purely volÂ�unÂ�tary.
At the end of the coÂ�loÂ�nial era, the chalÂ�lenges AnÂ�gola faced were simÂ�iÂ�lar to those of revÂ�oÂ�luÂ�tionÂ�ary Cuba: high levÂ�els of ilÂ�litÂ�erÂ�acy and the lack of a Â�trained workÂ�force. Â�Cuba’s sucÂ�cesses in modÂ�ernÂ�izÂ�ing its edÂ�uÂ�caÂ�tion Â�system and the prinÂ�ciÂ�ple of edÂ�uÂ�catÂ�ing “new men” Â�pointed the way for Â�Angola’s postÂ�coÂ�loÂ�nial edÂ�uÂ�caÂ�tion polÂ�icy. The Â�Cuban-Angolan coopÂ�erÂ�aÂ�tive proÂ�gram in edÂ�uÂ�caÂ�tion was Â�founded on comÂ�mon conÂ�senÂ�sus.
I also exÂ�amÂ�ine the disÂ�rupÂ�tions and amÂ�bivÂ�aÂ�lences that corÂ�reÂ�sponded to difÂ�ferÂ�ent viewÂ�points, contrastÂ�ing and comÂ�parÂ�ing the perÂ�cepÂ�tions of the Cuban teachÂ�ers, their AnÂ�goÂ�lan colÂ�leagues, superÂ�iÂ�ors, and puÂ�pils. The way CuÂ�bans and AnÂ�goÂ� lans viewed Â� each other and their muÂ�tual enÂ�counÂ�ters was inÂ�exÂ�triÂ�cably Â�linked to Â�self-perception. In exÂ�cepÂ�tional cases, it was fasÂ�ciÂ�naÂ�tion that Â�shaped Â�people’s perÂ�cepÂ�tion of “the other,” but more often it was based on culÂ�tural misÂ�underÂ� standÂ�ing, which led to reÂ�jecÂ�tion.
Cubans in Angola: South-South Cooperation and Transfer of Knowledge, 1976–1991 by Christine Hatzky