By Ugur Umit Ungor, Mehmet Polatel
This can be the 1st significant examine of the mass sequestration of Armenian estate through the younger Turk regime throughout the 1915 Armenian genocide. It information the emergence of Turkish monetary nationalism, deals perception into the commercial ramifications of the genocidal approach, and describes how the plunder was once equipped at the flooring. The interrelated nature of estate confiscation initiated by means of the younger Turk regime and its cooperating neighborhood elites bargains new insights into the capabilities and beneficiaries of state-sanctioned theft. Drawing on mystery records and unexamined files, the authors display that whereas Armenians suffered systematic plunder and destruction, traditional Turks have been assigned a number of estate for his or her development.
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Additional resources for Confiscation and Destruction: The Young Turk Seizure of Armenian Property
95 Indeed, the emergent consensus was so powerful that anomalies only solidified it. On the eve of World War I the Young Turks felt logistically and ideologically strong enough to discontinue their denial and understatements of the movement’s Turkish-nationalist character. After the definitive turn to Turkish nationalism, the Young Turks openly embraced policies that explicitly excluded non-Turks. Two key leaders, the doctors Bahaeddin Şakir and Mehmed Nâzım, wrote to a party branch that the CUP could never be entrusted to ‘any enemy of the Turks, Armenian or not’ (Türk düşmanı olan ne bir Ermeni’ye ne de bir başkasına).
This complex social reality of overlap and vagueness defies simple classification, because many people lived in the margins of ethnicity. For the sake of clarity, this study will concern itself with the three most important groups: Turks, Armenians, and Kurds. Turkish-speaking Muslims, later denominated ‘Turks’, were the majority in most urban areas, for they had been occupying most administrative positions and engaged in domestic trade. Turkish peasants lived in the Anatolian countryside, where they lived off subsistence farming and in a good year could sell their surplus harvest.
Muslim political and economic elites at the empire’s very ideological foundations 23 centre in Istanbul resented the visibility of successful and wealthy Armenian merchants. Ordinary Turkish merchants more and more came to act upon this dissimilar development. In the nineteenth century these merchants often complained about this perceived injustice and requested from the Interior Ministry, opportunities for unfettered trade. 37 The resentment grew commensurate with the empire’s decline that spurted with every war from 1878 to 1913.
Confiscation and Destruction: The Young Turk Seizure of Armenian Property by Ugur Umit Ungor, Mehmet Polatel