By Hilde De Weerdt
Among the 6th and 20th centuries, the civil carrier examinations created and maintained political coherence around the chinese language polity. education for the examinations remodeled the lives of literate elites by means of defining academic criteria and disseminating a language that decided elite prestige. even though, as participation within the examinations turned critical to that prestige, an extreme festival to figure out the academic curriculum and the subject material of the examinations erupted among highbrow and political competitors. The primary objective of this booklet is to provide an explanation for the restructuring of the exam box in the course of a severe element in its background, the Southern track dynasty (1127-1279), which witnessed the expanding domination of the examinations via the Neo-Confucian studying of how stream. by way of reading textbooks, exam questions and essays, and authentic and personal remark, Hilde De Weerdt examines how occupational, political, and highbrow teams formed curricular criteria and exam standards and the way exam criteria in flip formed political and highbrow agendas. those questions reframe the controversy in regards to the civil provider examinations and their position within the imperial order.
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Additional resources for Competition over Content: Negotiating Standards for the Civil Service Examinations in in Imperial China (1127-1279)
4. " 5. De Bary, "The Uses of Confucianism," 548-49. Intellectual Traditions and Teachers 27 tested meaning of such native terms gives de Bary reason to defend the appropriateness of the generic western term to emphasize the continui ties and the commonalties in Confucian and Neo-Confucian traditions. " In Tillman's view, de Bary's interpreta tion of Neo-Confucianism has led to a simplistic evolutionary model of the Confucian renaissance in which Neo-Confucian history is refracted through the thought of Zhu Xi.
The Introduction 21 subsequent chapters, outlined below, recount their divergent histories in the twelfth- and thirteenth-century examination field. Chapter 2 highlights the relevance of examination writing to literati culture. In examination expositions and policy response essays, the two genres of examination writing discussed in this book, scholar-officials demonstrated competence in two of the areas that defined the scholar official: textual exegesis and the discussion of government policy.
Both traditions played a prominent role in the development of the examination curricula; their nature and their relationship remain, however, subject to historiographical controversies. The Learning if the W� DEFINITIONS "The Learning of the Way" is one of a variety of terms used to refer to the re-envisioning of Confucian teachings that began in the eleventh century. *). Besides "the Learning of the Way," other translations of Daoxue such as "Tao School" and "True Way Learning" are also in current use.
Competition over Content: Negotiating Standards for the Civil Service Examinations in in Imperial China (1127-1279) by Hilde De Weerdt