By Opolot Okia (auth.)
Read Online or Download Communal Labor in Colonial Kenya: The Legitimization of Coercion, 1912–1930 PDF
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Additional info for Communal Labor in Colonial Kenya: The Legitimization of Coercion, 1912–1930
It coincided with the British-led campaign against the Belgian forced labor abuses in the Congo. Hollis’s memorandum, therefore, was a potential source of embarrassment. The CO sat on the issue for a while. During the interim, the governor of Kenya, James Hayes Sadler, reemphasized in another circular that government policy was to aid in recruiting labor. At this point, the CO finally responded in August 1908. In the dispatch the new secretary of state Lord Crewe (Robert Crewe-Milnes) instructed the governor that it was not the policy of the government to recruit African labor.
A manifestation of this process of relative autonomy was the 1912 Native Labour Commission. Although the intent of the Native Labour Commission was to bring more clarity to the labor problems in the East Africa Protectorate (EAP), the final report of the commission did not bring closure but instead posed more questions. With the outbreak of World War I, forced labor intensified and the issue of coercion of African labor would not be dealt with until the end of the war. 6 After the completion of the Uganda railway from the coast of Kenya to the interior at Kisumu on the shores of Lake Victoria in 1902, the administration began to encourage European settlement as a way of paying off the debt of construction plus making the railway economically viable.
As a result, Elliot envisioned the fertile central highland zone in Kenya as an exclusive expanse for white settlement. In addition to desires for profitability, the administration also feared that if Europeans were not given an inviolable economic stake in the country, then the more numerous Asian subjects, who had been on the East African coast since the early nineteenth century, would come to dominate economically. 11 Europeans could lease land from the Crown for up to 99 years and could buy up to 1,000 acres of land for homestead farming.
Communal Labor in Colonial Kenya: The Legitimization of Coercion, 1912–1930 by Opolot Okia (auth.)