By Larry Diamond (auth.)
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Extra info for Class, Ethnicity and Democracy in Nigeria: The Failure of the First Republic
This was accomplished through the vast powers delegated to the regional governments by the 1954 constitution (Sklar, 1963). Perhaps the most valuable of these regional powers (and crucial at the local levels as well) was the commercial patronage so vital to the formation of private wealth and business control. Government construction contracts were much less instruments for construction per se than for enrichment of the officials who awarded them and the politically connected 'contractors' who received them (Schatz, 1977: 19O-5).
In 1900, separate protectorates were proclaimed for Northern and Southern Nigeria, and a Native Authority System was constructed to rule indirectly in the North through traditional authorities. Even after formal amalgamation in 1914, the British continued to rule Nigeria, in effect, as two countries. In the South, Western education and religion were vigorously promoted and English was employed as the language of administration. Elective representation was introduced there 25 years before it would appear in the North.
Missionaries had as their main purpose the evangelisation of the African. Central to both objectives were a literary education in the English language, and religious and moral training aimed at building 'respect for authority and good citizenship' (Peshkin, 1971: 436; Coleman, 1958: 129-31; Ogunsheye, 1965: 130). Even at the University level, the curriculum was lacking in The Origins of Crisis 29 Nigerian content (Lewis, 1965: 111). The colonial failure of national integration was also reflected in the pattern of economic penetration, which connected the nation in relatively superficial ways and only insofar as it served Britain's needs to extract the colony's raw materials and to market its own manufactured goods in exchange.
Class, Ethnicity and Democracy in Nigeria: The Failure of the First Republic by Larry Diamond (auth.)