Download Church Wealth in Mexico: A Study of the ’Juzgado de by Michael P. Costeloe PDF

By Michael P. Costeloe

ISBN-10: 0521083478

ISBN-13: 9780521083478

The Juzgado de Capellanias used to be crucial monetary establishment in the Roman Catholic Church in Mexico. It operated in every one diocese as one of those financial institution, receiving clerical sales from a number of resources and making an investment them when it comes to loans at curiosity. The Roman Catholic Church in Mexico used to be either a reason and a sufferer of the political and monetary chaos of this era. The liberals alleged that the focus of a lot of the country's wealth within the arms of the clerical organisations hindered the political and fiscal development of the country. The clergy argued that they applied a lot in their estate and capital to the direct advantage of either society and the financial system. Dr Costeloe examines those varied perspectives on the subject of the Juzgado in Mexico. He discusses its advanced inner management, expert staff, assets of profit and the technique for acquiring loans from it. because the borrower used to be obliged to assure compensation of his mortgage by means of delivering a estate as protection, the Church, throughout the Juzgado as creditor, received keep watch over of the mortgaged estate. Dr Costeloe analyses the consequences of this funding and next keep an eye on of genuine property through the clergy. within the ultimate part, the writer discusses the kinfolk among the Juzgado and the nation.

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Additional info for Church Wealth in Mexico: A Study of the ’Juzgado de Capellanias’ in the Archbishopric of Mexico 1800-1856

Sample text

1 Again the document from which this information was taken does not indicate whether the thieves were ever apprehended. The Juzgado, therefore, occupied several offices and its employees were numerous. Some worked on a full-time basis and others only part-time. Changes in the numbers and types of posts within the organization, and in particular in the nomenclature of the various positions, were frequently made, although the higher administrative ones remained the same throughout the colonial and independence periods.

2 By the year 1840, the sum of 432,889 pesos due to the metropolitan prelate had been paid to the civil authorities; account dated 14 October 1840, ACM, Copias de consultas... desde 1 de enero hasta diciembre de 1844. 3 There are two tables which illustrate this position: one forms appendix no. 2 of the Exposition cited in note 1 above. Another was published by the Minister of Justice in his annual report in 1825. , AGN, PBN, leg. 200, exp. 2. 20 1834, Introduction ranks of the secular clergy. The financial position of the Church greatly deteriorated with the loss of the tithes, and this could not have come at a worse time, for it was not long after 1833 that even the conservative and pro-clerical administrations began to demand substantial cash loans from the Church.

Even the combined pressure of the latter and the priests was not sufficient. It seems likely that the law of 1833 was one liberal measure welcomed by the majority of the population. The abolition of tithes, however, had other implications and effects. The liberals must have attached great weight to it from the economic viewpoint, for it adversely affected themselves in two ways. In the first place, the people who suffered most from tithes were the landowners, the majority of whom were conservatives who opposed most of the policy advocated by the liberals.

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Church Wealth in Mexico: A Study of the ’Juzgado de Capellanias’ in the Archbishopric of Mexico 1800-1856 by Michael P. Costeloe

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