By Elizabeth Anne Benard
This is often the 1st monograph which examines the infrequent Buddhist and Hindu Tantric Goddess, Chinnamasta, her rituals, her names and kinds (namarupa) and their symbolism via evaluating and contrasting her sadhanas (spiritual practices) in Hinduism and Buddhism. the whole Hindu "Chinnamastatantra" part from the Sakta Pramoda, the Buddhist "Chinnamunda Vajravarahisadhana" and the "Trikayavajrayoginistuti" are translated for the 1st time into English. on the grounds that Chinnamasta is an extraordinary goddess, her texts weren't popularized or made "fashionable" based on the dictates of a specific workforce at a selected time. The earliest extant texts date from the 9th and 10th centuries-a time while Hindu and Buddhist Tantras have been constructing less than universal affects within the related areas in India. Having such texts approximately Chinnamasta Chinnamasta from those centuries, possible start to comprehend the mutuality of a common Tantric culture and the exclusivity of a specific Hindu or Buddhist Tantric culture. for that reason the research, not just examines Chinnamasta, but in addition makes an attempt to appreciate what's a Tantric culture.
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The translation which follows is David Templeton's, published by the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, Dhararnsala, 1989. I thankjc:-remy Russell for showing me this before publication Craranatha I 157516431 was a major proponent of the Tibetan Buddhistjo nang pa school and author of many historical works. King Lalitacandra reigned from late seventh to early eighth century. , 1/istoryofAndcnc Bengal, Calcutta, G. ) 38. 39. ~"had An Account of the Origins and Iconography of the Protective Dciues of Tibetan Buddhism, Leh, Tashigang.
7. 8. 9. 10 Descriptions of the Dasa Mahavidyas and their relationship to each other have heen discussed in numerous books. , Hindu Goddesses: Visions oflhe Divine Feminine in chc Hindu Religious Tradition: 1() 1-77. Also Pal. , Jlindu lconology 57-91. , /lindu Polythci5m: 268. Ja . Ja arc by Gujurati Press. S.. l have used primarily the former one and my translation is from this edition. 259-64; his translation is from the Iauer edition. ina. 2 320-49 The section on the Dasa :\lahav1dyas hegins in chapter eight.
The four doors are protected by the field protectors (k~trap:ila). Another way is to draw three concentric circles in the middle of a triangle and a triangle in the centre of these circles. In the exterior triangle write "hurp pha(' at each corner. Draw an eight-petalled lotus outside the triangle and a bhupiira enclosing everything. 9. Meditation of inner yantra: This is the meditation according to the (inner) yantra. " 57 a. For yogis: Yogis should meditate like this: in your navel is a lotus surmounted by a sun disc, whereupon is an inverted triangle which is formed of the three gur:Jas.
Chinnamasta: The Aweful Buddhist and Hindu Tantric Goddess by Elizabeth Anne Benard