Download Chemical Elements, 2nd Edition by David E. Newton PDF

By David E. Newton

ISBN-10: 1414476086

ISBN-13: 9781414476087

ISBN-10: 1414476124

ISBN-13: 9781414476124

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Extra info for Chemical Elements, 2nd Edition

Example text

It reacts with many hot acids. It also reacts with alkalis. An alkali is a chemical with properties opposite those of an acid. Sodium hydroxide (common lye) and limewater are examples of alkalis. It is unusual for an element to react with both acids and alkalis. Such elements are said to be amphoteric. Aluminum also reacts vigorously with hot water. In powdered form, it catches fire quickly when exposed to a flame. 8 percent. It occurs in many different minerals. Bauxite, a complicated mixture of compounds consisting of aluminum, oxygen, and other elements, is the primary commercial source for aluminum.

Radioactive isotope: An isotope that breaks apart and gives off some form of radiation. Radioactive tracer: An isotope whose movement in the body can be fol- lowed because of the radiation it gives off. Radioactivity: The process by which an isotope element breaks down and gives off some form of radiation. Rare earth elements: Elements in the Lanthanoid family. Reactive: Combines with other substances relatively easily. Refractory: A material that can withstand very high temperatures and reflects heat back away from itself.

Tin cry: A screeching-like sound made when tin metal is bent. Tin disease: A change that takes place in materials containing tin when the material is cooled to temperatures below 55 F (13 C) for long periods of time, when solid tin turns to a crumbly powder. Tincture: A solution made by dissolving a substance in alcohol. Tinplate: A type of metal consisting of a thin protective coating of tin deposited on the outer surface of some other metal. Toxic: Poisonous. Trace element: An element that is needed in very small amounts for the proper growth of a plant or animal.

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Chemical Elements, 2nd Edition by David E. Newton

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