By Shelley Ann Bowen Hatfield
This ebook examines for the 1st time the army campaigns on either side of the border opposed to Apaches and different local peoples within the overdue 19th century. Mexico and the USA pursued comparable goals of their Indian regulations. Railroad, mining, and agricultural pursuits grew on the rate of local peoples. Indian resistance in Mexico used to be frequently met with pressured hard work and relocation or extermination established upon scalp bounties. U.S. Indian coverage within the Southwest dictated setting apart local peoples on reservations. The social ills their regulations created persist at the present time in either countries.
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Additional resources for Chasing shadows: Indians along the United States-Mexico border, 1876-1911
Mexico's capitalist elite created defensive stereotypes to justify exploitation of "inferior" Indians. In Mexico the fittest were the upper classes. The "unfit" Indians did not merit public charity. Governmental obligations to the masses were strictly limited, and charity was considered an individual duty. Church activism was largely limited to speeches during the Porfiriato, and the Catholic church was far more concerned with combating paganism than with promoting social welfare. During this time, when both church and government were unconcerned with the Indians' miserable living conditions, the percentage of Indians in the Mexican population steadily declined.
Some looked to education for the Indians' regeneration. Others doubted the Indians' ability to learn and improve their status. During the Díaz presidency, Indian education was primarily limited to the teaching of Spanish to Indians. Interest in Indian education was primarily intellectual rhetoric. Just as ephemeral were the precursors of indigenismo, which glorified Mexico's indigenous cultures. The first Indianist societies began during the Porfiriato, and archaeological work started in earnest; but, ironically, this incipient indigenismo began in a society that did little to better the deplorable socioeconomic conditions of the Indians.
S. 42 The governor of Coahuila wrote Mexico's minister of foreign relations in January 1876 that it would be a good idea to remove the Kickapoos to the interior of the United States because some were raiding Texas from Mexico, while Lipans raided Coahuila and Chihuahua. The next month, United States minister in Mexico, John W. S. reservations.
Chasing shadows: Indians along the United States-Mexico border, 1876-1911 by Shelley Ann Bowen Hatfield