By B. Balmer
From worry of sabotage within the London Underground to the 1st anthrax bomb and the big open air assessments, Brian Balmer tells the mostly untold historical past of organic guns learn and coverage in Britain. Drawing on lately declassified files, this e-book charts the key background of germ war coverage from the 1930's to the mid-1960's. Britain and organic war explores the position of self sustaining clinical advisors in shaping probably the most major organic battle study courses in background.
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Additional info for Britain and Biological Warfare: Expert Advice and Science Policy, 1930-65
15 Banting identified the source of this poor advice in the British bacteriologists’ construal of disease. He argued that the advisors had thought of diseases produced by germ warfare ‘only in terms of the naturally occurring methods of spreading disease’. 17 Retaliation would entail a complete change of policy, and Topley was quick to point this out in a written response to Banting’s report. Unsurprisingly, Topley also defended the views of the British advisors. His defence rested on the need to provide some measure of advice on the basis of little evidence, while not resorting to exaggeration: It would not have been helpful, though it would have been easy, to accept the most lurid forecasts of the effects of bacteriological warfare at their face value, and to warn the defence services that they must be prepared for the consequences.
23 And with each rendition of this perspective on the ‘true danger’ from bacteriological warfare there were implicit and explicit calls for a concrete, public health oriented response. Emergency response becomes the Public Health Laboratory Service Topley’s advocacy of a bacteriological service during the January 1937 meeting brought rapid action. 24 The main concern of this document was with public health during conventional bombing. The report maintained Bacteriological Warfare as a Public Health Threat 23 that damage to water mains would result in the water supply being cut off and also contamination from the soil through minor fractures in the water mains.
The response to this particular construal of the danger, a civilian bacteriological service, was in terms of public health. The suggestion appears to have received quite an immediate and favourable reception from Topley’s fellow advisors. Discussion picked up on the idea of a bacteriological service and eventually the subcommittee decided to recommend that the MRC be asked about establishing a skeleton organization. One month later and the public health definition of bacteriological warfare was clearly articulated in scientific terms.
Britain and Biological Warfare: Expert Advice and Science Policy, 1930-65 by B. Balmer