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Biotechnol. ) the number of steps in a synthetic route to be reduced. 13 have performed a survey of patent applications in the area of biocatalysis granted between the years 2000 and 2004. 5), significant focus has turned towards the use of biocatalysts with different activities and in particular alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) – also known as ketoreductases (KREDs) – used for asymmetric ketone reduction. Whereas the number of industrial biotransformations ‘known’ to be operating in 2002 was 134, the number of chiral drug candidates is much greater.

17). 17 Adipoyl acylase, PGA, phenylglycine ester or phenylglycine amide H N O S N O Cephalexin CO2H Preparation of cephalexin using a tandem hydrolysis/amidation approach Prodrugs provide a vehicle by which the bioavailablility of a drug displaying poor water solubility can be enhanced or a method of targeting diseased areas of the body. Following uptake, the drug is frequently released by the action of metabolic enzymes. 18 N N N N H O OH Hydrolysis of valaciclovir by a human hydrolase enzyme Given that many prodrugs are broken down by enzymic action, their enzymatic synthesis should also be feasible.

Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. ) the number of steps in a synthetic route to be reduced. 13 have performed a survey of patent applications in the area of biocatalysis granted between the years 2000 and 2004. 5), significant focus has turned towards the use of biocatalysts with different activities and in particular alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) – also known as ketoreductases (KREDs) – used for asymmetric ketone reduction. Whereas the number of industrial biotransformations ‘known’ to be operating in 2002 was 134, the number of chiral drug candidates is much greater.

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Biotechnology Unzipped. Promises And Realities by E.S.Grace


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