Download Biotechnology Risk Assessment. Issues and Methods for by Joseph Fiksel PDF

By Joseph Fiksel

ISBN-10: 0080342132

ISBN-13: 9780080342139

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Extra info for Biotechnology Risk Assessment. Issues and Methods for Environmental Introductions

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Quantitative Risk Assessment in Regulation. C. 16. Office of Technology Assessment. 1981. Impacts of applied genetics: Microorganisms, plants, and animals. (OTA-BA-218). S. C. 34 Biotechnology Risk Assessment 17. Lincoln, D. , E. S. Friber, D. Lambert, M. A. Chatigny, and M. A. Levin. 1983. Release and containment of microorganisms from applied genetics activities. Environmental Protection Agency Report, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Penn. 18. Summers, M. and C. Y. Kawanishi, Eds. 1978.

This type of approach would be analogous to structure-activity relationships for organic molecules. 3. 3. Uncertainty about potential adverse effects of the modified microorganism may increase if the demonstrated potential for exchange of genetic material, pathogenicity, or proliferation in foreign environments is greater than that of the nonmodified microorganism. Although this information does not confirm an increased risk, it does suggest a need to study the implications of the particular effects of an environmental introduction.

All of these properties determine the disease etiology and can result in a diseased host plant that represents a reservoir contributing to the persistence of microorganisms. Similar properties enhance the persistence and survival of animal pathogens in natural environments. The epidermal layers of the animal represent a barrier to infection by direct contact. Abrasion of the epidermal layers can contribute to the establishment of an infection. Infection of fish by the pathogen Aeromonas salmonicida occurs through abrasion of the epidermal layers [16].

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Biotechnology Risk Assessment. Issues and Methods for Environmental Introductions by Joseph Fiksel


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