By Richard E Litz
This publication is a finished reference paintings at the present prestige of biotechnology of the main temperate, subtropical and tropical fruit and nut crop species of the realm. it's a alternative of Biotechnology of Perennial Fruit vegetation (eds Hammerschlag and Litz, CABI, 1992) and contains insurance of extra fruit in addition to nut crop species. each one bankruptcy encompasses a common creation to the actual plant relatives, with an summary of the industrial value and power of biotechnology for fruit and nut species in the relations, earlier than analyzing person species in additional aspect.
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Extra resources for Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops (Biotechnology in Agriculture Series, Volume 29)
1994b). Mucilage holds water, and these anatomical differences may thus be linked to improved water relationships and have been suggested as selection criteria for better rootstocks. A. deliciosa is a host for vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Powell and Santhanakrishnan (1986) found that mycorrhizal inoculation increased shoot length and weight by 294 and 265%, respectively, in hardwood cuttings, and suggested rootstock mycorrhization should also be explored for optimal fruit production in the scion.
Kiwifruit shoot cultures have been maintained under a photoperiod of 16 h with variable light intensities (usually 25–35 mol photons/m2/s) and temperatures of 22 ± 2°C. 3 M indolebutyric acid (IBA), and chilled lateral buds were the best for multiplication (Lionakis and Zirari, 1991). Marino and Bertazza (1990) veriﬁed that BA caused hyperhydricity of older leaves, an effect not observed with zeatin, but higher proliferation rates. , 1987). , 1992). , 1985). In most cases, rooting has been achieved upon dipping the shoot bases in IBA and transferring to well aerated soil mixtures.
Scions Major breeding objectives. Diseases and infestations may constitute a problem in Actinidia orchards (in Jordán and Botti, 1992). , 1996). The root knot nematode, Meloidogyne hapla, among other species, causes severe root deformations, and M. hapla has been associated with poor fruit size and uneven ripening and with vine decline. The kiwifruit bacterial blossom blight, caused mainly by Pseudomonas viridiﬂava, can lead to loss of buds and ﬂowers, and occurs more frequently in warm, moist environments.
Biotechnology of Fruit and Nut Crops (Biotechnology in Agriculture Series, Volume 29) by Richard E Litz