By M. Raafat El-Gewely
The Biotechnology Annual overview covers a number of the advancements in biotechnology within the kind of accomplished, illustrated and good referenced experiences. With the growth of the sector of biotechnology, coupled with the huge bring up within the variety of new journals reporting contemporary leads to this box, the necessity for a ebook that's continually delivering experiences is pressing. accordingly, each one quantity of the Biotechnology Annual evaluate can have a couple of reports protecting diverse points of biotechnology. Reviewed subject matters will contain biotechnology purposes in medication, agriculture, marine biology, undefined, bioremedation and the surroundings. basic difficulties facing improving the technical wisdom encountering biotechnology usage whatever the box of program can be relatively emphasised. This sequence might help either scholars and academics, researchers in addition to directors to stay an expert on all correct concerns in biotechnology.
Proposals for contributions and/or feedback for subject matters for destiny volumes during this sequence could be despatched to the Editor: professor M.R. El-Gewely division of Biotechnology collage of Tromslø IMB, MH-Bygget N-9037 Tromsø Norway Tel: (+47) seventy seven 644000 Fax: (+47) seventy seven 645350
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22) as well as expressing heterologous proteins such as, for example, the naturally sweet proteins thaumatin and monellin . Control of ripening and storage ability Experiments were undertaken in tomatoes using antisense technology to alter the production of the plant hormone ethylene. The use of antisense ACC synthase inhibits ethylene production and thus severely inhibits fruit ripening. Ripening can then be manipulated by added ethylene . Medicine In the industrialized countries, genetic engineering and biotechnology are more developed in the field of medicine than in any other field of biotechnology.
Ideally, research and any potential utilization can be managed in harmony with the proper protection of the marine environment. Actually, many of the marine organisms themselves have not been fully identified. A few laboratories now are using sophisticated equipment to isolate microalgae and bacteria from the depth of the oceans leading the way to their characterization and evaluation for any potential biotechnological application [255,256]. Oceans also offer extreme environmental conditions that would allow us to understand molecular adaptation.
Development is being made in improving vaccines by modern genetic engineering methods. Transgenicfish In order to transfer or to over-express economically important traits in fish, several experiments were made using model fish such as zebra fish  and medaka [282, 2831 as well as commercially important fish such as, for example, salmon , trout , carp  and tilapia [287-2891. The most frequent transgenic fish were made to over-express growth hormone genes [286,290,291]; however, transgenic Atlantic salmon were made to express antifreeze protein and thus potentiate the establishment of freeze-resistant salmon that would help in fish farms in the cold climate .
Biotechnology Annual Review, Vol. 1 by M. Raafat El-Gewely