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By C. M. Padmanabhachar

C. L. RAMAKRISHNAN
A serious research OF BHAGAVAD GITA — quantity I - Chapters 1 to three: C.M. Padmanabhachar; Sriman Madhva Siddhantonnahini Sabha, Tiruchanur-517503.
Rs. 175.

This booklet adopts the fashion of supplying the verses of the Bhagavad Gita in Sanskrit, through word-for- observe which means and a translation in English. on the finish of every bankruptcy, and now and then in among additionally, an easy and lucid summing up of a number of the faculties of inspiration in this scripture is given.
This is a well-researched attempt in that it abounds in references and quotations from the several faculties of Vedanta, the Mahabharata and the Puranas just like the Srimad Bhagavata and the Vishnu Purana. the writer has brought the commentaries of the exponents of the Advaita, Visishtadvaita and the Dvaita platforms lower than the suitable verses and what's extra, analysed the tenability of those via cross-references to authorized axioms and his personal perspectives. doubtless, as he himself mentions, he inclines in the direction of the remark of Madhva, holds it as such a lot appropriate because it offers solutions to varied difficulties and riddles, and differs from different commentators. whereas you can have fun with the perspective of the writer, it truly is an authorized stand in Indian philosophy that there's no negation of 1 institution of Vedanta, yet giving choice to at least one over others.

Interpretations
There are first-class notes below convinced verses that have a plethora of interpretations. The import of the notice “aparyaptam” taking place in verse II-10 has been very convincingly defined by means of quoting from varied commentaries. In verse II-12, the research of the way during which Bhishma blows the conch and produces a lion-like roar, signalling the beginning of the conflict, rivets one’s consciousness. equally, verse II-20, which has an in depth resemblance to Katha Upanishad, has been basically elucidated vis-À-vis the Upanishad. within the similar approach, for verses 39, forty six to forty eight of the second one bankruptcy, copious notes were appended, for a transparent realizing. In a few verses, phrases showing as synonyms were taken up for elucidation of the sophisticated ameliorations among them and likewise to fine-tune their meaning.

He has introduced into play his analytical skill and alertness of good judgment in analyzing the various factors complex by way of a number of commentators at the Bhagavad Gita and made it a really necessary and tutorial quantity. there's a lot fabric to reside upon and undertake as a take-off element for extra precise research of sure an important and knotty verses. At a number of areas, the writer has drawn aid for the Gita verses, not just from this article, but additionally from the Mahabharata itself, which justifies the ethos and pattern of the recommendations within the Gita.

A great addition to the corpus of literature at the Bhagavad Gita; the writer merits to be complemented for the time and effort spent to delve deeply into every one verse and likewise examine completely many of the commentaries on them by way of the well known preceptors.

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2011 13:28:02] cover merged with the placement of the waters toward the end of the unfolding of creation in the proto-Samkhya system. This is especially evident in the Moksadharma section of the Santi-Parvan, where proto-Samkhya categories play the greatest role. In the Moksadharma, cosmogony is also often discussed in conjunction with the opposite process, dissolution. As the cosmos emanates forth, so it will be dissolved in a process that reverses the order of emanation. Each principle flows forth from the one that precedes it and will page_75 Page 76 dissolve back into that same principle.

He that has the earth has the entire world with its inanimate and animate population. This praise of earth as the totality of creation appears entirely without reference to proto-Samkhya categories. Then, a bit further, in section 6. 3-5,28 earth is described in relation to the four other gross elements of proto-Samkhya descriptionwater, wind, fire, and spaceand their qualities, sound, touch, form, taste, and smell, five of the secondary modifications of prakrti: O great king (Dhrtarastra), all things present in the world have been said by the wise to be equal to the five page_74 Page 75 elementsearth (bhumi), water (ap), wind (vayu), fire (agni), and space (akasa)on account of accumulation.

Although space (akasa) comes first, the succession given in this passage gives primacy to water, for space is simply the backdrop against which the drama of creation unfolds. Thus this narrative effectively integrates older Vedic cosmogonic elements with proto-Samkhya elements by retaining the primacy of the waters in the process of emanation but including the waters in the list of elements that is found in proto-Samkhya and in later classical Samkhya. The Brahmana motif concerning the creative role of thought is also picked up in this passage, for the creator Manasa, the equivalent of Prajapati in the Brahmanas, creates the waters with his mind.

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