By Gunther Kress
Gunther Kress argues for an intensive reappraisal of the phenomenon of literacy, and as a result for a profound shift in academic perform. via shut consciousness to the plethora of items which young children continually produce--drawings, cut-outs, writings and collages-- Kress indicates a suite of ideas which display the underlying coherence of children's actions-- activities which enable us to attach them with makes an attempt to make which means sooner than they collect language and writing.
This booklet presents basic demanding situations to typically held assumptions approximately either language and literacy and concept and motion. It areas those demanding situations in the context of hypothesis in regards to the skills for you to turn into crucial for kids as teenagers, and demands the unconventional decentering of language in academic conception and perform.
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Extra resources for Before Writing: Rethinking the Paths to Literacy
The historical aspects of this issue can be seen vividly in visits to toy museums. Practices of child-rearing do not just fit in, more or less easily, with these fashions, nostrums and tendencies, they are shaped by them; as they are by all other social dynamics, which themselves exercise their effects. Watching children in their making of objects, of representations, in their play, is somewhat inconclusive in this respect. On the one hand, they are of course influenced by the cultural, semiotic, social world around them: the shape of the three cars speaks clearly to that.
This representation can now act—in imagination—by being manipulated. Of course, in that action it then enters into a quite new mode, that of theatre; though for children that mode is frequently entirely contiguous with many other forms of play. Cutting-out may offer the child one means of bridging a gap between two kinds of imaginative worlds, one in which the child ‘enters the page’ so to speak, and imaginatively enters into the life 26 MAKING MEANING IN MANY MEDIA of objects in or on the page; and another in which represented objects come off the page and are brought into the world of physical objects here and now, which are then reanimated in the imaginative effort of the child.
That is what I wish to show here: that all signs show rationality, logic, human desire and affect. 1 and Plate 1. They are drawn at around the same time, together with many others, at a period of great interest by the drawer in this kind of car. Let me describe some of the differences and similarities. 1 shows a plethora of detail, all of it to do with power. 1 Car in its environment the wheels, an effect of the enormous speed at which the car is moving; the dart-shape of the car itself; the streamlining over the driver’s seat; and the energetically drawn lines of colouring-in, and of those indicating the ground, all suggesting movement, speed.
Before Writing: Rethinking the Paths to Literacy by Gunther Kress