By John Tirman, James G. Blight, Janet M. Lang, Hussein Banai, Malcolm Byrne
Turning into Enemies brings the original equipment of serious oral historical past, constructed to check flashpoints from the chilly warfare corresponding to the Cuban Missile situation, to appreciate U.S. and Iranian kinfolk from the autumn of the Shah in 1978 during the Iranian hostage quandary and the Iran-Iraq battle. students and previous officers concerned with U.S. and UN coverage take a clean examine U.S and Iranian kinfolk in this time, with distinctive emphasis at the U.S. function within the Iran-Iraq conflict. With its notable declassified documentation and oral testimony that undergo without delay on questions of U.S. policymaking with reference to the Iran-Iraq warfare, turning into Enemies finds a lot that used to be formerly unknown approximately U.S. coverage prior to, in the course of, and after the warfare. They transcend mere reportage to supply classes concerning basic overseas coverage demanding situations to the U.S. that go beyond time and position.
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Additional info for Becoming Enemies: U.S.-Iran Relations and the Iran-Iraq War, 1979-1988
It is also important that whatever concept of terrorism the United States uses not be capable of being twisted to apply to actions the United States itself may take in pursuit of its security interests. About the latter point, two distinctions are critical. The first is the one between terrorism and the overt use of military force. S. interest. 6 The second key distinction is between actions that are the willful result of decisions taken by governmental or group leaders, and actions that result from accidents or impulsive behavior by lower-ranking individuals.
Jail cells. A benefit of that firmness was seen after the MRTA’s capture of the Japanese ambassador’s residence in Lima. S. officials who were at the reception when the terrorists struck were among the first to be released. The kidnappers let them go five days after the incident began while keeping 140 other hostages, including many foreign officials as well as Peruvians. The MRTA probably calculated (correctly) that to the extent the United States stayed directly involved, it would counsel a harder line to the Peruvian leadership than would many of the Asian and Latin American governments whose officials the MRTA had also seized.
Punishing terrorists through prosecution or retaliatory strikes, for example, might have some deterrent effect. These instruments, and the extent to which they can be expected to deter, are discussed in chapter 4. The posture that the United States takes toward the political aspirations of groups it has officially branded as terrorist (a terrorism and counterterrorism 35 subject of chapter 5) affect the intentions of those groups. The same could be said of state sponsors of terrorism (addressed in chapter 6).
Becoming Enemies: U.S.-Iran Relations and the Iran-Iraq War, 1979-1988 by John Tirman, James G. Blight, Janet M. Lang, Hussein Banai, Malcolm Byrne