By Michael Heyd
Be Sober and moderate bargains with the theological and scientific critique of "enthusiasm" within the 17th and early eighteenth centuries, and with the connection among enthusiasm and the recent common philosophy in that interval. "Enthusiasm" at the moment was once a label ascribed to varied participants and teams who claimed to have direct divine idea -- prophets, millenarists, alchemists, yet additionally experimental philosophers, or even philosophers like Descartes. The publication makes an attempt to mix the views of highbrow historical past, Church background, historical past of drugs, and background of technological know-how, in analysing a few of the reactions to enthusiasm. The valuable thesis of the booklet is that the response to enthusiasm, in particular within the Protestant global, could provide one vital key to the origins of the Enlightenment, and to the techniques of secularization of ecu attention.
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Extra resources for ''Be Sober and Reasonable'': The Critique of Enthusiasm in the Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries (Brill's Studies in Intellectual History)
I’d heard of women giving white feathers to men who hadn’t volunteered, because they thought they were cowards. I never thought it would happen to me. Sally strode off and I stood there on the path with the feather in my hand. It was more grey than white, just a stupid chook feather. You need your parents’ permission to join up if you’re under 21. I knew Mum would never agree to it, so I went home and I wrote a letter. ‘I am proud that my son, Walter McAlister, has decided to go to war,’ I wrote.
Traverses gave protection against this side-on fire (known as ‘enfilade’) and from exploding grenades as well. The ground in this area of France was very marshy. It was impossible for the soldiers to dig deep trenches because after digging down for a metre they would reach water. Digging a deep trench would have resulted in water at least knee-deep. So instead they dug shallow trenches with higher sandbag parapets. To keep the men’s feet out of the muddy trench floor, wooden tracks called duckboards were laid.
Major McCrae stops in his tracks, like he’s just remembered something important. Then he crumples to the ground and disappears beneath the grass. I trip over something. It’s a body. One of my battalion. I crawl along and amid the grass there are bodies everywhere. Lots of them. Men I know. I flatten myself against the earth, wriggling like a snake. Machine-gun bullets skim above me or smack into the earth. One goes through the sleeve of my jacket, but somehow misses my arm. The machine-gun fire gets heavier.
''Be Sober and Reasonable'': The Critique of Enthusiasm in the Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries (Brill's Studies in Intellectual History) by Michael Heyd