Download Atomic Collisions in Solids: Volume 2 by Herbert W. Schnopper, John P. Delvaille (auth.), Sheldon PDF

By Herbert W. Schnopper, John P. Delvaille (auth.), Sheldon Datz, B. R. Appleton, C. D. Moak (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461589967

ISBN-13: 9781461589969

ISBN-10: 1461589983

ISBN-13: 9781461589983

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4. Schematic potential energy diagram of an excited sputtered particle at a distance s from a solid. (a) Shows the excited atom near a metal surface. The metal has a conduction band filled up to the energy Ep; its work function is denoted by¢. A possible electron tunneling process is indicated. (b) Shows the excited atom near an oxidized surface. A forbidden energy gap E exists. Tunneling is impossible and de-exciation takes place t~rough photon emission. OPTICAL LINE AND BROAD-BAND EMISSION 519 effects of oxidation on the band structure and the electron conduction are complicated and depend very critically on the type and stoichiometry of the oxide [12].

I I • I I WI A 4074 A c ::J >. ~ ~~~--_L~~=====L~2---------3~--- ... s >- t:: Cu I A 3247 (f) A z w f- z w~~ z :::::i I I~ 0 2 3 4 5 6 TIME (min) Fig. 2. Intensity of a W I and a Cu I line as a function of time t after an interruption of the beam for a timeT. 516 W. F. van der WEG AND E. LUGUJJO Table I Relation of transient effect and continuum radiation to electron configuration. Element Electron Configuration Transient Effect Continuum Radiation Si 3p2. Yes Small Ti 3d 2 4s 2 No Yes Cr 3d 54s 1 No Yes Fe 3d 6 4s 2 Small Ni 3d 8 4s 2 Yes No Cu 3d 10 4s 1 Yes No Zr 4d 2 5s 2 No Yes Mo Pd 4d 5Ss 1 4d10 Ag Ta Small Small Yes Yes No 5s 1 Yes No No Yes w 5d 3 6s 2 5d4 6s 2 No Yes Pt 5d 9 6s 1 Yes No In Table I we list the various elements which we studied, and indicate which of them show transient effects.

Capture of core electrons with high binding energies in the target will not lead to a sharp REC peak. 2 keV from the ls shell). All spectra contain additional details, some of which can be explained. 8 keV is an artifact created by the sharply falling transmission of the detector window and the steeply rising bremsstrahlung yield (except for oxygen at 30 MeV). The other part is a persistent narrow line of unexplained origin. It falls, however, close to the silicon Ka energy. Other sharp features in the spectra have not been identified.

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Atomic Collisions in Solids: Volume 2 by Herbert W. Schnopper, John P. Delvaille (auth.), Sheldon Datz, B. R. Appleton, C. D. Moak (eds.)


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