By William S. Davidson II, Robin Redner, Richard L. Amdur, Christina M. Mitchell (auth.)
The function of this quantity is to provide the full tale of our learn software on replacement interventions with antisocial adolescence. it's our objective to explain the improvement of another intervention version, to ascertain its salient tactics, to supply a try out of its relative potent ness, and to provide an outline of its systemic affects. the method defined was once in response to the thought that development in our methods to distressed early life lies in a scientific exam of the efficacy of cutting edge versions. because the reader is perhaps conscious, the historical past of inter ventions with afflicted early life is extra a list of failure than good fortune. therefore, the quest for choices is intensely severe. The publication proceeds as a close examine monograph. the 1st 4 chapters describe the historic and theoretical antecedents of the devel opment of the examine application. Chapters five via eleven describe re seek at the efficacy of different intervention techniques for delin quent early life, study at the influence on nonprofessional switch brokers, an try and combine modern theoretical propositions approximately de linquency causation and the consequences saw, and study reading the systemic results of supplying cutting edge interventions to de linquent adolescence. the ultimate bankruptcy integrates the findings with contempo rary paintings and gives feedback for destiny work.
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Extra resources for Alternative Treatments for Troubled Youth: The Case of Diversion from the Justice System
This means that we are unable to reject the null hypothesis that the treatment produced no effect. Only the pre/post effect for calculated overall effectiveness and the pre/post behavioral outcomes effect sizes are reliably positive and different from zero. It should 30 CHAPTER 3 be noted that these two positive effect sizes are both for pre/post estimates. Unfortunately data resulting from pre/post research designs are difficult to interpret unambiguously. Maturational processes, historical events, and the selection of amenable subjects could as equally plausible explanations for the observed change.
This premise consists of two assumptions: First, all youth engage in delinquent behaviors to the same degree and for the same reasons; and second, all youth receive the same treatment in the same intensity. To the extent that these assumptions about internal homogeneity are not met, the meaning of experimental results becomes ambiguous. For example, how would we interpret a treatment effect of a given size, if we thought that every subject in the treated group received an intervention that had a different mix of components, that operated through different mechanisms, and that had varying impacts on delinquency?
If recidivism was simply a product of the effects of justice system labeling, it should not matter whether any intervention activities were carried out with diverted youth. Youth diverted from the system would be expected to recidivate less often, regardless of the nature of the intervention (or nonintervention) they received. , Akers, Krohn, Lanza-Kaduce, & Radosevich, 1979) theories of delinquency are correct, the specific interventions that are used should differentially affect recidivism rates.
Alternative Treatments for Troubled Youth: The Case of Diversion from the Justice System by William S. Davidson II, Robin Redner, Richard L. Amdur, Christina M. Mitchell (auth.)