By J. Arthur
African ladies Immigrants within the usa depicts how immigrant girls use foreign migration as a method to problem current patriarchal hegemonies operative either within the usa and Africa. It additionally weaves jointly the multidimensional strands of the way African immigrant girls form and are formed through the method of overseas migration.
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Extra info for African Women Immigrants in the United States: Crossing Transnational Borders
All four women currently have relatives who live and work in Minnesota. These relatives assured them of jobs in the poultry and meat packaging business upon their arrival. According to Saadiaa, these women ultimately intend to settle in the United States. Before they all left home, they sold all their personal belongings, including televisions, cattle, jewelry, and cultural artifacts that had existed in their respective families for over half a century. The money they received was supplemented with money that they borrowed from extended family relations.
Again, as media and communication channels proliferate to distant areas of the continent, prospective immigrants discover networks of sponsors who charge exorbitant fees to process their travel documents to enable them to come to the United States. Possible modes of traveling to the point(s) of destination are also shared. For a majority of the prospective immigrants, the mode of traveling takes a conventional form, that is, through legal cross-border checkpoints or barriers. However, for a growing number of West Africans, unconventional forms of travel have become the norm.
Vulnerable to sexual and physical abuse and lacking any form of institutional protective measures and intervention by state or government agencies, leaving home is undeniably an effective strategy to curtail de jure and de facto gendered discrimination toward women. Driven away from their rural abodes as a result of dwindling agricultural lands and discriminatory land tenure rules that favor men over women, a growing number of West African women are compelled to leave home to forge new identities and ways of living that are totally different from the traditional lore and norms that they are accustomed to.
African Women Immigrants in the United States: Crossing Transnational Borders by J. Arthur