By Jyotirmaya Sharma
Sharma’s illuminating narrative is a superb reexamination of 1 of India’s such a lot arguable non secular figures and a desirable research of the symbiosis of Indian historical past, faith, politics, and nationwide identity. It is a necessary tale for an individual attracted to the evolution of 1 of the world’s nice religions and its position in shaping modern India.
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He who is attributeless also has attributes. He who is Brahman is also Śakti. When thought of as inactive, He is called Brahman, and when thought of as the Creator, Preserver, and Destroyer, He is called the Primordial Energy, Kāli. Brahman and Śakti are identical, like fire and its power to burn. When we talk of fire we automatically mean also its power to burn. Again, the fire’s power to burn implies the fire itself. 27 26. , p. 107. For a short, but excellent, introduction to Ramprasad Sen’s life and work, see The Oxford Anthology of Bhakti Literature, edited by Andrew Schelling, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2011, pp.
P. 298. 41. , p. 478. 24 Ramakrishna’s One-fourth She showed me that everything was full of Consciousness. 42 To reach this stage of consciousness, however, a barrier had to be crossed, a necessary leap was imperative. In order to attempt this transition, it was crucial to understand the nature of ananda or joy. 43 One is the joy of worldly pleasures, consisting of the joys of ‘woman and gold’. This is the most common of all joys among people. Chanting the name of God and his glories is the second kind of joy.
36 The magic of creation, preservation and destruction was part of the play. To realize God, these chains had to be broken. One had to enter the ‘inner’ chamber in order to transcend the world of objects and this could be done through the grace of Shakti alone. The only way to do that was to submit to 34. , p. 136. 35. , p. 136. 36. , p. 116. 22 Ramakrishna’s One-fourth the Divine Mother. Only when we get past the world of appearances do we encounter Eternal Being, described as Sachchidananda or the existence-knowledge-bliss idea of the absolute.
A Restatement of Religion: Swami Vivekananda and the Making of Hindu Nationalism by Jyotirmaya Sharma