By William E. French
The mining increase that begun in northern Mexico within the Eighteen Nineties set in movement basic social swap. at the one hand it uprooted many staff, and the troubles of presidency officers, middle-class, reformers, and corporate managers coalesced into legislation and courses to regulate the stressed lots. yet adjustments within the mining economic climate and political tradition additionally induced classification awareness between retailers and artisans in addition to expert and unskilled employees. This research of the Hidalgo mining district in Chihuahua from the Eighteen Nineties to the Nineteen Twenties examines category formation, specifically its relation to social regulate, well known values, and pre-industrial traditions. In arguing that category id stemmed much less from the character of one's paintings than from the ideals one held, this paintings brings jointly the disparate topics of ethical financial system of mine employees, new mining know-how, and the administration coverage of mine vendors through the Mexican Revolution.
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Additional info for A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico
Page iii A Peaceful and Working People Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico William E. , 1956 . 1st ed. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. Social classesMexicoChihuahua (State)History. Working classMexicoChihuahua (State)History. Middle classMexicoChihuahua (State)History. Social valuesMexicoChihuahua (State)History. Title. 5'0972'16dc20 95-32446 CIP © 1996 by the University of New Mexico Press All rights reserved. First edition Page v Contents Tables and Maps vi Acknowledgments vii Introduction 3 1.
J. McQuatters. Pedro Alvarado, referred to (inaccurately) as a multimillionaire peon who had gone broke, was an entrepreneur whose mining methods shocked American mining experts. 33 In many ways, Pedro Alvarado's demise represented the end of one era and the beginning of another. Gone were inefficient mining methods, mining without up-to-date machinery, sloppy accounting practices, and lax labor control. 34 The concentration of mine ownership in Hidalgo District involved more than the displacement of Mexicans by foreigners.
Within a year, American, British, and Mexican capitalists had invested in mines and built up-to-date mills and other reduction works, narrow-gauge railroads, and sawmills in the district. "8 Page 16 Although smelter owners initially sought siliclous ore in Hidalgo District, their utilization of alternative sources for such ore devastated the mining industry after 1903. Mine owners who continued to ship ore to the smelters after this date lamented that there was practically no competition in the field; by late 1904, they described the district as financially dead because of the high smelter charges.
A Peaceful and Working People: Manners, Morals, and Class Formation in Northern Mexico by William E. French