By Kamal Salibi
This present day Lebanon is likely one of the world's such a lot divided nations - if it is still a rustic in any respect. yet sarcastically the faction-ridden Lebanese, either Christians and Muslims, have by no means proven a keener realization of universal identification. How can this be? The Lebanese historian Kamal S. Salibi examines, within the mild of contemporary scholarship, the historic myths on which his country's warring groups have established their conflicting visions of the Lebanese country. The Lebanese have continually lacked a typical imaginative and prescient in their previous. From the start Muslims and Christians have disagreed essentially over their country's old legitimacy: Christians ordinarily have affirmed it, Muslims have tended to stress Lebanon's position in a broader Arab background. either teams have used nationalist rules in a harmful video game, which at a deeper point contains archaic loyalties and tribal rivalries. yet Lebanon can't come up with the money for those conflicting visions whether it is to enhance and preserve a feeling of political neighborhood. during his vigorous exposition, Salibi deals a big reinterpretation of Lebanese background and offers insights into the dynamic of Lebanon's fresh clash. He additionally provides an account of the way the pictures of groups which underlie glossy nationalism are created
Read or Download A House of Many Mansions: History of Lebanon Reconsidered PDF
Best middle east books
A big new and definitive paintings via the writer of [i]Iran: Empire of the Mind[/i\
Ayatollah Khomeini's go back to Tehran in February 1979 used to be a key second in post-War foreign politics. a wide, well-populated and prosperous country unexpectedly devoted itself to a really new course: a revolution in response to the supremacy of Islam and contempt for either superpowers.
For over 30 years the Islamic Republic has resisted frequent condemnation, sanctions, and sustained assaults by way of Iraq in an eight-year warfare. Many policy-makers this present day percentage a weary want that Iran could one way or the other simply disappear as an issue. yet with Iran's carrying on with dedication to a nuclear programme and its acceptance as a trouble-maker in Afghanistan, Lebanon and in other places, this can be not likely any time quickly. The gradual loss of life of the 2009 'Green Revolution' indicates that innovative Iran's associations are nonetheless formidable.
About the Author:
Michael Axworthy's Iran: Empire of the brain proven him as one of many world's important specialists in this impressive nation and in his new e-book, progressive Iran, he has written the definitive historical past of this topic, one that takes complete account of Iran's exact background and is smart of occasions usually misunderstood by way of outsiders.
The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, and the following conflict with the indigenous Afghan Mujahedeen, used to be one of many bloodiest conflicts of the chilly conflict. Key information of the situations surrounding the invasion and its final end merely months sooner than the autumn of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 have lengthy remained doubtful; the total episode is a shadowy narrative of clandestine correspondence, covert operations and failed intelligence.
Fadia, a Saudi Arab, grew up within the strictly circumscribed and tailored ‘desert Disneyland’ of Aramco (the Arabian American Oil Company). This slice of contemporary, suburban, heart the United States was once situated in Dhahran, Aramco’s administrative headquarters in Saudi Arabia, a theocratic Muslim country run in keeping with strict Wahabbi Shari’a legislations.
Because the past due Sixties, the towns of the United Arab Emirates have skilled remarkable improvement and speeded up development. seen within the context of the explicit surroundings and cultural textile of this wilderness quarter in Arabia, the arrival of contemporary structure has been coupled with vast cultivation tasks carried out in an initially barren panorama.
Extra info for A House of Many Mansions: History of Lebanon Reconsidered
This was not to be forgotten in Damascus. The creation of the new Arab state system had hardly been completed by the late 1920s and early 1930s when political inertia and vested interests began to give it a reality. As men of political ambition began to compete for power and position in the different countries, and as each of these countries came to have its own ruling establishment and administrative bureaucracy, the lines of demarcation between them, hardly any of which was a natural or historical frontier, began to harden.
Yet another initial advantage of the country was its geographic location, which could make of it the ideal gateway from the West to the Arab world. In addition to all this, there was the experienced mercantile initiative and exceptional adaptability of the people, and the cultural tolerance which they generally exhibited, most notably in the coastal cities, and most of all in cosmopolitan Beirut. All that Lebanon needed to be a success was political accord and an even social development among the different communities which had come to form its population and in the different regions it had come to comprise.
But it was certainly no accident that the original proponents of Lebanism in the country were almost exclusively Christians, and for the most part Maronites, while the most unbending proponents of Arabism, as a community, were the Muslims. Clearly, in both cases, what was actually said by way of argument on the surface covered something else underneath: the source of the problems. What was this underlying element in each case, which made the declared positions of the two sides so irreconcilable as to keep the question of Lebanon, interminably, an outstanding one?
A House of Many Mansions: History of Lebanon Reconsidered by Kamal Salibi