By Bengt Sundkler
В книге об африканских христианских церквях рассматривается полная история развития христианства во всех регионах континента. В отличие от обычного для таких исследований интереса, в основном, к миссионерской деятельности, авторы ставят в центре своего исследования местные африканские особенности христианства. Африканские христиане, обычно занимавшие лучшее положение в обществе, давали иное толкование христианским текстам, прозелитизму, управлению местными конгрегациями и организации независимых церквей. Подчеркивая инициативы африканцев в процессе христианизации, авторы доказывают, что развитие церкви было сформировано африканскими королями и их придворными, историей трудовой миграции и колонизации.Бенгт Сандклер был ведущим специалистом по африканской христианской
Церкви, он также задавал тон в изучении независимых Церквей в Африке. У него была долгая карьера миссионера в Южной Африке и в Танзании, где он стал лютеранским епископом Букобы в Танзании, перед возвращением в
Швецию в качестве профессора истории церкви в Университете Упсалы.
Кристофер Стид был помощником Бенгта Сандклера в данном исследовании, и в настоящее время он преподает африканскую историю в Университете Упсалы.Образцы сканов:
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The study of the Bible was his great concern and he produced the Hexapla, an enormous volume where the Hebrew text, both in Hebraic and in Greek letters, was placed side by side with four Greek versions of the Scriptures. His allegorical interpretation of scripture follows a tradition going back to Philo and, before, to Alexandrian Judaism. Various schools of thought soon competed for attention. Gnosticism was a complex religious movement with roots in the Old Testament and claiming 12 the beginnings to possess certain secret knowledge ± `gnosis'.
The occasion for this combined effort on the part of archaeologists and engineers arose with the realization that the building of the `High Dam' between the First and Second Cataracts of the Nile would result in an enormous permanent lake which would submerge and destroy many invaluable monuments. 35 Certain expeditions, notably the Polish, were in a position to concentrate on the cathedrals of Faras, Abdullah Nirqi and Sonqi, which among other things brought to light 169 Faras wallpaintings of extraordinary beauty and also an anchoret's grotto.
That the controversy itself was a tragedy for the Christian cause as a whole was not seen by the conquerors who preferred to expel their adversaries rather than attempting to integrate them as a healthy salt in the body of the Church. It needs to be added, however, that despite his anti-Donatist and anti-Pelagian polemics, St Augustine was led to conceive an in®nitely more wide-hearted theology. More particularly, his teaching about grace, according to which faith itself is a gift of God, laid the foundation for a truly Catholic theology.
A History of the Church in Africa by Bengt Sundkler