Download A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated by Michael Axworthy PDF

By Michael Axworthy

ISBN-10: 0465098770

ISBN-13: 9780465098774

Iran is a land of contradictions.

It is an Islamic republic, yet one within which simply 1.4 percentage of the inhabitants attend Friday prayers. Iran's non secular tradition encompasses the main censorious and dogmatic Shi'a Muslim clerics on the planet, but its poetry insistently dwells at the joys of lifestyles: wine, good looks, intercourse. Iranian ladies are topic to 1 of the main restrictive gown codes within the Islamic international, yet make up approximately 60 percentage of the coed inhabitants of the nation's universities.

In A heritage of Iran, acclaimed historian Michael Axworthy chronicles the wealthy historical past of this complicated kingdom from the Achaemenid Empire of 6th century B.C. to the present-day Islamic Republic. In attractive prose, this revised version explains the army, political, non secular, and cultural forces that experience formed one of many oldest carrying on with civilizations on the planet, bringing us up sleek occasions. Concluding with an evaluation of the great adjustments the kingdom has passed through because the revolution in 1979, together with a detailed examine Iran's ongoing makes an attempt to develop into a nuclear strength, A background of Iran bargains normal readers a necessary advisor to knowing this unstable state, that is once more on the middle of the world's recognition.

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Analysts in the intelligence community here are impressed by recent evidence of continuing deterioration in security [in Afghanistan] …53 Washington urged the international community to condemn the intervention; this was interpreted by British diplomats ‘as a measure both of [the US administration’s] concern and of their determination not to be left alone to carry the baby. They will want to get others involved in dealing with the problem …’54 The Soviets (with a long-established practice of deception and disinformation in military operations) managed to hide their real intentions until the raid on Amin’s palace.

White, of the FCO’s South Asian department, found the deployments in Bagram and elsewhere ‘distinctly disturbing … a disturbing picture but a little puzzling’. indd 35 6/6/2013 6:58:56 PM 36 THE SECRET WAR IN A FGHANISTAN for the Soviets, occupying key sectors to counter rebel mortar attacks against the base. He did not worry about paratroopers being involved in action against the regime, and questioned an American comment on the ‘qualitative’ upgrade of the Soviet presence in Bagram. 47 The NSA was the first to warn explicitly about the invasion.

The foreign secretary then produced a rather contradictory remark: ‘Leadership changes are imminent in the Soviet Union. ’ The Soviet Union would remain a superpower only in military terms; economically it was weak. His view of the United States was critical enough: The US is in an uncertain period which has lasted since the withdrawal from Vietnam. In the final years before the presidential election, Mr Carter may need to show that he is not soft on the Soviets. ’19 In mid-October, London and Washington had to assess the impact of yet another Afghan army mutiny, only nine miles from Kabul.

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A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated Edition) by Michael Axworthy


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